Print this Page

Like Spirits?

Like DISCUS on Facebook

Stay updated on the latest issues impacting the spirits industry. The DISCUS Facebook page contains news clips, action alerts and opportunities to get involved. Like us now!

read more

There's no beverage of moderation, only the practice of moderation.

Understanding Moderation

Part of responsible drinking is understanding that a standard drink of beer, distilled spirits and wine each contains the same amount of alcohol. It's not what you drink, it's how much that counts.

read more

There's no beverage of moderation, only the practice of moderation.

Committed to Responsibility

For more than 75 years, the spirits industry has adhered to a rigorous set of standards for beverage alcohol advertising and marketing. Click here to learn more about the Code.

read more

News

Category:
 
Results: 61 Article(s) Found.
Sep 26, 2017 12:33 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Showcases American Spirits in the United Kingdom

The Distilled Spirits Council recently conducted an export promotion initiative in London, United Kingdom September 20 and 21, 2017, for 19 small, medium and large distillers, showcasing American distilled spirits products in one of the most important markets for U.S. distilled spirits.

 

American Spirits Export Value Rises by 10.6 Percent in First Half of 2017

The value of U.S. distilled spirits exports rose a robust 10.6 percent—up more than $67 million—to a total of $698.5 million in the first half of 2017 as compared with the same period in 2016, the Distilled Spirits Council reported today.

 
Aug 21, 2017 05:48 PM

Distilled Spirits Council to Showcase American Spirits in the United Kingdom

The Distilled Spirits Council today announced that it is conducting an export promotion initiative in London, United Kingdom September 20 and 21 for 23 small and large distillers, designed to showcase American distilled spirits products in one of the most important markets for U.S. distilled spirits.​

 
Jul 07, 2017 09:00 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Says Potential EU Retaliation Threat Against Bourbon Would Be Misguided

The Distilled Spirits Council today issued the following statement in response to news reports regarding the European Union’s potential trade retaliation against some U.S. whiskey products in the context of actions the Trump Administration may be considering relative to aluminum and steel imports.

 
Apr 17, 2017 06:41 PM

The Distilled Spirits Council Announces Spring 2017 American Whiskey Trail Media Tour

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States today announced its Spring 2017 American Whiskey Trail (AWT) media tour April 23-28.

 
Apr 05, 2017 05:06 PM

Distilled Spirits Council of the United States Hosted ‘Great American Whiskey Experience’ in Hanoi on April 5

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (the Council), hosted the 'Great American Whiskey Experience', a one-of-a-kind tasting seminar in Hanoi on April 5 for importers, distributors and retailers.

 
Apr 03, 2017 05:55 PM

Distilled Spirits Council of the United States Hosted ‘Great American Whiskey Experience’ in Ho Chi Minh City on April 3

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (the Council), hosted the 'Great American Whiskey Experience', a one-of-a-kind tasting seminar in Ho Chi Minh City April 3 for importers, distributors and retailers.

 
Mar 17, 2017 01:30 PM

Distilled Spirits Council of the United States Hosts ‘Great American Whiskey Experience’ in Vietnam

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (the Council), will host the 'Great American Whiskey Experience', one-of-a-kind tasting seminars in Ho Chi Minh City (April 3) and Hanoi (April 5) for importers, distributors, retailers and bartenders in Vietnam.

 
Feb 07, 2017 04:01 PM

Distilled Spirits Sector Growth Accelerates in 2016 Gains Market Share for Seventh Consecutive Year

The distilled spirits sector achieved accelerated growth in 2016 with supplier sales up 4.5 percent to $25.2 billion, volumes up 2.4 percent to 220 million cases and a seventh straight year of market share gains relative to beer, the Distilled Spirits Council announced today at its annual economic briefing for media and Wall Street analysts, sponsored by Spirited Funds.

 
Feb 07, 2017 04:00 PM

Distilled Spirits Sector Growth Accelerates in 2016

The distilled spirits sector achieved accelerated growth in 2016 with supplier sales up 4.5 percent to $25.2 billion, volumes up 2.4 percent to 220 million cases and a seventh straight year of market share gains relative to beer, the Distilled Spirits Council announced today at its annual economic briefing for media and Wall Street analysts, sponsored by Spirited Funds.

 

Distilled Spirits Council Statement Regarding President Trump’s Executive Order on the Trans-Pacific Partnership

The Distilled Spirits Council looks forward to working with the Trump administration to expand access for U.S. agricultural exports, including distilled spirits, in foreign markets.

 
Nov 14, 2016 09:37 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Showcases American Spirits in Shanghai

The Distilled Spirits Council hosted an American Whiskey tasting seminar and cocktail demonstration for local media and beverage industry executives in Shanghai on November 14. The event, which was held at 1515 West, Chophouse and Bar, highlighted the mixability and versatility of American Whiskeys and the characteristics that distinguish them from other whiskies from across the globe.

 
Nov 10, 2016 05:24 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Showcases American Spirits in Hong Kong

The Distilled Spirits Council showcased American distilled spirits products at the Hong Kong International Wine and Spirits Fair, which was held in Hong Kong from November 10-12. As one of the most promising markets for U.S. distilled spirits exports, the promotion in Hong Kong will showcase fine American spirits from 16 leading American distillers, including 12 small distillers to the growing market as well as serve as a gateway to the broader Asia-Pacific region. The Council’s promotion was

 
Oct 28, 2016 08:33 PM

U.S. Trade Rep Visits Tennessee Distilleries; Touts Benefits of Trade to Spirits Sector

Distillers from across Tennessee gathered today in Nashville to discuss with United States Trade Representative Michael Froman the positive impact of international trade and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement on the U.S. distilled spirits sector and tour Nelson’s Greenbrier Distillery.

 
Sep 30, 2016 05:40 PM

Distilled Spirits Council to Showcase American Spirits in Germany

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States today announced that it is sponsoring an export promotion initiative in Berlin, Germany on October 11 and 12 for 16 small and large distillers, designed to showcase American distilled spirits products in one of Europe’s most important markets.

 
Jun 24, 2016 04:17 PM

Brexit Vote: Distilled Spirits Council Disappointed

The Distilled Spirits Council today expressed disappointment with the outcome of the UK vote to leave the European Union.

 

White House Official Meets with Washington State Distillers to Highlight Benefits of International Trade

Small distillers from across Washington state gathered today at Westland Distillery in Seattle to meet with White House Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Cabinet Secretary Gaurab Bansal to discuss the positive impact of international trade and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement on the U.S. distilled spirits sector.

 

Distilled Spirits Council of the United States Hosts ‘Great American Whiskey Experience’ in South Africa April 12 and 14

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (the Council), will host the 'Great American Whiskey Experience', one-of-a-kind tasting seminars in Cape Town (April 12) and Johannesburg (April 14) for South African importers, distributors and retailers. The Council will also co-host an American Whiskey Reception at the U.S. Ambassador’s residence on April 13.

 
Feb 02, 2016 02:29 PM

Distilled Spirits Deliver Steady Sales Growth of 4.1 Percent in 2015

Distilled spirits delivered another year of steady growth in 2015 with supplier sales up 4.1 percent and volumes up 2.3 percent, the Distilled Spirits Council announced today at its annual briefing for media and Wall Street analysts. Distilled spirits suppliers and marketers also marked the sixth straight year of increasing their market share relative to beer in 2015.

 
Dec 14, 2015 04:00 PM

Distilled Spirits Council of the United States Hosts ‘Great American Whiskey Experience’ in India

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS), today hosted the 'Great American Whiskey Experience', a one-of-a-kind tasting session at the residence of Scott Sindelar, Minister Counsellor of Agriculture Affairs in Delhi.

 
Nov 30, 2015 03:14 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Says TPP Will Help Industry By Protecting American Products and Opening Markets

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States, representing over 135 distillers of all sizes, today said the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement, once implemented, will benefit the U.S. distilled spirits industry by opening markets for its products. The historic trade agreement, the text of which was released on November 5, includes Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam.

 
Nov 24, 2015 05:15 PM

The Distilled Spirits Council to Host Great American Whiskey Experience in India

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States today announced that it is sponsoring the Great American Whiskey Experience, an export promotion for local media and beverage industry executives in Delhi and Mumbai, India, the week of December 14.

 
Nov 04, 2015 07:02 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Showcases American Whiskeys in Growing Colombian Market

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States today announced that it is organizing a tasting seminar of fine U.S. whiskeys and a cocktail demonstration to highlight the mixability and versatility of U.S. whiskeys for local media and beverage industry executives in Bogota, Colombia on Wednesday, November 18th, 2015.

 
Sep 29, 2015 07:00 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Sponsors Germany Export Promotion

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States today announced that it is sponsoring an export promotion initiative in Berlin, Germany on October 6 and 7 for over 30 small and large distillers, designed to showcase American distilled spirits products in one of Europe’s most important markets.

 
Sep 24, 2015 02:37 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Showcases American Whiskeys for EU Officials and Diplomats in Brussels, Belgium

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States, along with famed New York mixologist Christy Pope, U.S. Ambassador to Belgium Denise Campbell Bauer, and U.S. Ambassador to the European Union Anthony Gardner will host a “Tasting Seminar on Fine U.S. Whiskeys” for European Union officials and dignitaries as well as local media and beverage industry executives.

 
Jun 24, 2015 08:26 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Applauds Passage of Trade Promotion Authority

The Distilled Spirits Council, representing over 135 distillers of all sizes, today applauded the Senate for passing Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), which will help the United States to further open markets for U.S. distilled spirits exports.

 
Jun 18, 2015 05:22 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Hails House Passage of TPA

The Distilled Spirits Council, representing over 135 distillers of all sizes, today thanked the House for passing Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), which will help the United States conclude trade agreements opening markets for U.S. distilled spirits exports.

 
Jun 10, 2015 03:31 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Urges House to Pass TPA

The Distilled Spirits Council, representing over 100 distillers of all sizes, today urged the House to pass Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), which will further open markets for U.S. distilled spirits exports.​

 
Jun 05, 2015 12:57 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Showcases U.S. Spirits at Vinexpo 2015 With Global Interest Surging to Record Levels For Five Straight Years

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States today announced that it is sponsoring an export promotion at Vinexpo 2015 in Bordeaux France June 14-18 designed to showcase American distilled spirits products in one of the industry’s top trade shows. Partnering with the U.S. Bartenders Guild on an educational seminar for convention attendees, the Council will highlight the global resurgence of the cocktail, an American invention, along with the unique heritage and style of American spirits.

 
May 07, 2015 09:32 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Announces 2015 American Whiskey Trail Tour

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States announces its Spring 2015 American Whiskey Trail (AWT) media tour May 11-15. This heritage and tourism initiative is supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Market Access Program (MAP), and will take a delegation of journalists from various international publications on an exploration of the history of whiskey-making in America.

 
Apr 16, 2015 06:50 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Applauds Introduction of Trade Promotion Authority Bill

The Distilled Spirits Council today applauded the introduction of a bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) bill in the U.S. Senate, calling the legislation, “key to opening foreign markets to American spirits products.”

 
Mar 13, 2015 07:49 PM

U.S. Spirits Exports to Korea Increase 71% Since Enactment of the U.S. – Korea Free Trade Agreement in 2012

The Distilled Spirits Council today hailed the three-year anniversary of the implementation of the U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA), citing a 71% increase in U.S. distilled spirits exports to Korea since the agreement entered into force on March 15, 2012. In 2014, direct U.S. spirits exports to Korea were valued at $14.5 million, up from $8.4 million in 2011.

 
Dec 01, 2014 04:57 PM

DISCUS and Ambassador Kathleen Stephens to Host Great American Whiskey Experience in Delhi, India

Washington, D.C. – The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States today announced that it is...

 
Oct 07, 2014 03:07 PM

30 US Distillers Hold Tasting with Ambassador John Emerson at US Embassy in Berlin

Berlin – Thirty American distillers showcased their fine spirits products yesterday at a media briefing and American spirits tasting hosted by U.S. Ambassador John Emerson at the U.S. Embassy in Berlin.

 
Sep 30, 2014 04:52 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Sponsors Germany Export Promotion

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States today announced that it is sponsoring an export promotion in Germany Oct. 6-8 for nearly 30 small and large distillers, designed to showcase American whiskeys and other products in one of Europe’s most important markets.

 
Jul 17, 2014 07:26 PM

DISCUS Hosts Great American Whiskey Experience With U.S. Ambassador Kirk Wagar at the Residence in Singapore

Washington, D.C. – The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States today announced that it is sponsoring the Great American Whiskey Experience, an export promotion for local media and beverage industry executives in Singapore, with Ambassador Kirk Wagar at his Residence on July 23rd.

 
May 16, 2014 08:46 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Showcases Over 16 U.S. Spirits Brands at U.S. Ambassador’s Residence in Austria

Vienna, Austria – The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States will participate in a major reception and tasting event at U.S. Ambassador Alexa Wesner’s private residence in Vienna on Thursday, May 22nd and will feature over 16 American Whiskeys and other brands of premium distilled spirits from small and large distillers from nine states across America.

 
Mar 07, 2014 06:30 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Hosts Booth at Duty Free Show of the Americas

Orlando, FL – The Distilled Spirits Council said today it is hosting an export promotion at the Duty Free Show of the Americas in Orlando on March 10-12, featuring dozens of American spirits products from 21 distillers. The project is designed to showcase the products for buyers from over 70 countries who attend the show and convention.

 
Feb 04, 2014 03:03 PM

U.S. Bourbon and TN Whiskey Drive Export Records in 2013

New York City – American distilled spirits exports broke new records in 2013 crossing the $1.5 billion threshold, driven by premium Bourbon and Tennessee Whiskey which exceeded the $1 billion mark for the first time, the Distilled Spirits Council (DISCUS) reported today at its annual briefing for Wall Street analysts.

 
Jan 14, 2014 05:41 PM

U.S. Distilled Spirits Council Hosts Promotions in Growing Brazil Market

Washington, D.C. – The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS) today announced plans for two upcoming American spirits promotions in Brazil, which is an expanding export market for U.S. distilled spirits producers. The seminars and tastings in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro will be led by Jeff Arnett, Master Distiller of Jack Daniel’s Tennessee Whiskey, who will discuss the history and unique production process of Bourbon and Tennessee Whiskey.

 
Nov 20, 2013 03:57 PM

Canadian Consulate, Distilled Spirits Council & Spirits Canada Toast Canadian Whiskies

WASHINGTON, DC – Canadian Ambassador to the U.S. Gary Doer and Canadian Consul-General John Prato hosted a Celebration of Canadian Whiskies with the Distilled Spirits Council and Spirits Canada at the Canadian Consulate in New York on Nov. 19. The VIP tasting event featured more than 15 high-end whiskies, a selection of signature cocktails created by famed New York mixologist Jim Meehan, and Canadian-inspired fare from Mile End Sandwich. More than 100 guests were in attendance.

 
Nov 05, 2013 10:21 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Showcases Over 30 U.S. Spirits Brands at Falstaff Spirits Gala in Hofburg Palace

Vienna, Austria – The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States will participate in the Falstaff Spirits Gala at the Hofburg Palace on Saturday, November 9, 1:00-7:00 PM, and feature over 30 American Whiskeys and other brands of premium distilled spirits--many for the first time in the Austrian market--from small and large distillers from 15 states across America.

 
Oct 18, 2013 08:31 PM

Distilled Spirits Council of the U.S. Conducts Successful Trade Mission in Germany

Washington – The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States recently completed a successful export promotion initiative in Germany, including hosting an American Spirits Pavilion at the Berlin Bar show, featuring spirits brands from distillers large and small, including products from 18 small distillers from 14 states.

 
Mar 27, 2013 09:46 PM

Brazil Recognizes Bourbon and Tennessee Whiskey As “Distinctive Products” of the U.S.

WASHINGTON, DC – The Distilled Spirits Council said today Brazil has officially recognized Bourbon and Tennessee Whiskey as distinctive products of the United States. This action by Brazil follows the U.S. announcement of the recognition of Cachaça as a distinctive product of Brazil last month.

 
Dec 06, 2012 06:08 PM

US Distilled Spirits Industry Predicts Russia PNTR Will Boost Exports

WASHINGTON, DC – The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS) today applauded passage of historic legislation that will extend permanent normal trade relations (PNTR) to Russia, saying the bill will boost already-growing American spirits exports to the world’s third-largest spirits market by volume, and sixth-largest by value.

 
Nov 16, 2012 06:03 PM

Spirits Industry Applauds House Passage of Russian Trade Bill

WASHINGTON, DC – The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS) applauded today’s House passage of legislation granting permanent normal trade relations (PNTR) to Russia, calling the trade bill essential to the growth of American spirits exports to Russia.

 
Nov 06, 2012 03:18 PM

Distilled Spirits Council of the U.S. Celebrates American Whiskeys in China

The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS) today announced a series of export promotion activities and whiskey and cocktail seminars in Hong Kong and Southern China, beginning with hosting an American Spirits Pavilion at the Hong Kong Wine & Spirits Expo for local beverage trade and media.

 
Oct 31, 2012 08:00 PM

U.S.-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement Enters Into Force

WASHINGTON, DC – Today the Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS) toasted the entry into force of the U.S.-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement, saying that it represents significant new access in an expanding spirits market.

 
Jun 12, 2012 04:42 PM

Distillers Urge Senate to Pass Russia Trade Bill

WASHINGTON, DC – Legislation granting permanent normal trade relations status (PNTR) to Russia was introduced in the U.S. Senate today, and the Distilled Spirits Council urged speedy passage in order for U.S. distillers to gain many market access benefits of Russia’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO).

 
Apr 17, 2012 04:54 PM

Colombia Free Trade Agreement: "Another Positive Step for Global Trade"

WASHINGTON, DC – Calling it “Another positive step for global trade,” the Distilled Spirits Council applauded the announcement that the U.S.-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement will officially enter into force on May 15, 2012.

 
Apr 09, 2012 04:56 PM

U.S.-Brazil Agreement Signed Recognizing Bourbon and TN Whiskey in Exchange for Recognition of Cachaca

WASHINGTON, DC – The Distilled Spirits Council called an agreement signed today by United States Trade Representative Ron Kirk and Brazilian Trade Minister Fernando Pimentel to officially recognize each countries native distilled spirits products “an historic event that is sure to contribute to further acceleration of trade in distilled spirits between the two countries.”

 
Mar 03, 2012 06:09 PM

Distilled Spirits Council of The U.S. To Host American Spirits Promotions in Korea, Russia, and China; Global Media Outlets will visit the American Whiskey Trail

WASHINGTON, D.C. – The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (Distilled Spirits Council) will host American Spirits seminars and tastings of super premium American whiskeys and other American spirits for importers, restaurant and nightclub owners, managers, bartenders, spirits buyers and media in Korea, Russia, and China later this year. In addition, a delegation of journalists from various international publications will visit the American Whiskey Trail. The events, which will celebr​

 
Feb 21, 2012 06:11 PM

USTR: Korea Free Trade Agreement Effective March 15

WASHINGTON, DC – The Distilled Spirits Council today welcomed an announcement by the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) that the Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) will enter into force officially on March 15, 2012, resulting in an immediate elimination of the 20% tariff on Bourbon and Tennessee Whiskey imports and a gradual, five-year elimination of tariffs on other U.S. spirits products.

 
Dec 21, 2011 06:47 PM

Distilled Spirits Industry Applauds Final WTO Ruling On Philippines' Discriminatory Spirits Taxes

WASHINGTON, DC – The Distilled Spirits Council (DISCUS) today welcomed the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) final ruling that the Philippines’ excise tax on distilled spirits is discriminatory and in violation of WTO rules. Further, DISCUS urged the Philippine government to revise its excise tax structure immediately to comply with the ruling.

 
Oct 12, 2011 06:15 PM

DISCUS: Congressional Approval of Free Trade Agreements Will Increase Exports and Support U.S. Jobs

WASHINGTON – The Distilled Spirits Council said today Congressional approval of free trade agreements (FTAs) with Colombia, South Korea, and Panama will lead to significant increases in American distilled spirits exports, while contributing to job growth in the U.S.

 
Oct 10, 2011 06:18 PM

DISTILLED SPIRITS COUNCIL OF THE U.S. TO HOST AMERICAN SPIRITS PROMOTIONS IN CHINA

WASHINGTON, D.C. – The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS) will host an American Spirits seminar and tasting of super premium American spirits for importers, restaurant and nightclub owners, managers, bartenders, spirits buyers and media in Shanghai on November 15, 2011.

 
Oct 04, 2011 06:19 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Urges Quick Congressional Passage of Free Trade Agreements

WASHINGTON, DC – The Distilled Spirits Council today urged quick Congressional passage of the pending free trade agreements with South Korea, Panama and Colombia and applauded President Obama for submitting the FTAs to Congress.

 
Aug 15, 2011 06:33 PM

DISCUS Applauds WTO Ruling on Philippines' Discriminatory Spirits Taxes

Washington, D.C. - The Distilled Spirits Council today applauded the decision by a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement panel, which concluded that the Philippines’ discriminatory excise tax on distilled spirits violates WTO rules. Further, the Council urges the Philippine government to revise its excise tax structure immediately to comply with the ruling.

 
Apr 06, 2011 08:54 PM

Distilled Spirits Council Applauds Progress on U.S.–Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement

WASHINGTON, DC – The Distilled Spirits Council today congratulated the United States and Colombian governments for reaching an agreement on labor and judicial reforms, which will clear the way for Congressional consideration of the long-pending U.S.-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement (CTPA).

 
Mar 04, 2011 09:59 PM

Distilled Spirits Council of The U.S. To Host American Spirits Promotions in India and China; Global Media Outlets will visit the American Whiskey Trail

WASHINGTON, D.C. – The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (Distilled Spirits Council) will host American Spirits seminars and tastings of super premium American whiskeys and other American spirits for importers, restaurant and nightclub owners, managers, bartenders, spirits buyers and media in India and China later this year.

 
Dec 03, 2010 04:13 PM

Path Cleared for Tariff-Free Treatment of U.S. Distilled Spirits in Korea -- World’s Sixth Largest Spirits Market

WASHINGTON, DC – The Distilled Spirits Council today congratulated the United States and Korean governments for resolving issues holding up the U.S.–Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA), saying it will lead to elimination of tariffs on U.S. distilled spirits products in the important South Korean market.

 
 
Results: 61 Article(s) Found.
© 2017 Distilled Spirits Council of the United States | Equal Opportunity Employer
The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States, Inc., prohibits discrimination in its programs on the basis of race, religion, national origin, age, gender, disability, or other protected status.